Math talks are an incredible way to foster a love for math from an early age.

When you’re working with a mixed-age group of 4-7-year-olds, these discussions can be particularly rewarding.

Not only do they build foundational skills, but they also encourage critical thinking and collaborative problem-solving.

Here’s how you can structure and facilitate effective math talks for young learners, whether in a classroom or homeschool setting.

how to do math talks with different age groups? Tips for teaching math to kids in preschool kindergarten and first grade.

Why Math Talks?

Math talks are short, daily exercises where children discuss math problems and concepts.

They provide a platform for students to express their mathematical thinking, learn from their peers, and develop a positive attitude towards math.

These discussions can improve number sense, mental math skills, and communication abilities.

Here are the best math talks ranging from preschool to first grade.

Tailoring Math Talks to Different Ages

Chances are, if you are teaching a group of kids, you are aware of their ability levels, and have tricks up your sleeve to cater to all.

Same with math talks, if you have a group of kids that range from 4 to 7 year olds, you’ll ask them the same question, but in different ways.

math talk reviews

Ages 4-5: Building Basic Concepts

At this stage, children are just beginning to understand numbers and basic operations.

Focus on activities that build number sense and counting skills.

  • Counting Games: Use objects to count together. Ask, “How many blocks do we have here?”

  • Simple Addition and Subtraction: Introduce concepts with stories or tangible items. “If we have 3 bears and add 2 more, how many bears do we have?”

  • Patterns and Shapes: Explore patterns using colored blocks or drawing. “Can you make a pattern with these colors?”

Ages 6-7: Developing Deeper Understanding

Older children can handle more complex ideas and are beginning to understand the relationships between numbers.

  • Number Bonds and Decomposition: Explore different ways to make numbers. “What different pairs can make up 8?”

  • Story Problems: Present simple word problems that require addition or subtraction. “Jenny has 7 candies and gives 2 to her friend. How many does she have left?”

  • Introduction to Multiplication: Use grouping and repeated addition to introduce multiplication. “If we have 3 groups of 2 apples, how many apples do we have in total?”

how to do math talks with different age groups? Tips for teaching math to kids in preschool kindergarten and first grade.

Encouraging Participation

Acknowledge all answers and thoughts.

There’s no such thing as a wrong answer during a math talk – only opportunities to understand different perspectives.

Regardless of age, instead of looking for one correct answer, ask questions that encourage exploration.

“Why do you think that?” or “Can you show me in a different way?”

Have children, of all age groups, discuss their ideas with a partner before sharing with the group.

This can help them formulate their thoughts and gain confidence.

Example Math Talk Session

Start with the 3 Must-Have Resources for Math Talks, then let the discussions begin!

Topic: Exploring Number Combinations

Warm-Up: Start with a counting song or a simple counting activity using fingers or objects.

Main Activity: Present a prompt: “We have 10 blocks. How many different ways can we put them into two groups?”

  • For younger children (4-5), use visual aids and count together. “We have 4 blocks here and 6 blocks here. How many altogether?”

  • For older children (6-7), challenge them to find all possible combinations. “Can you find a new way to split the 10 blocks? What if we switch the numbers?”

Discussion: Encourage children to share their combinations. Ask, “How did you decide to split the blocks that way?” or “Can someone find a different way?”

Reflection: End with a reflection on what was learned. “What was your favorite way to split the blocks? Why?”


Math talks are a powerful tool to make math fun and engaging for young children.

By fostering a supportive and interactive environment, you can help kids develop a strong foundation in math while nurturing their curiosity and confidence.

Whether you’re a teacher or a homeschool parent, incorporating these discussions into your daily routine can make a significant difference in your children’s mathematical journey. Happy math talking!

Before you go, here are more posts you’ll enjoy:

How to Do Math Talks in Kindergarten

Teaching the Alphabet With Nursery Rhymes

10 Free Number Word Printables

how to do math talks with different age groups? Tips for teaching math to kids in preschool kindergarten and first grade.